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org.springframework.core.Ordered接口

关于Ordered接口,用过的人可能知道,这里我谈下自己的理解。也希望各位大神能给予指点。

源码如下:

/**
* Interface that can be implemented by objects that should be
* orderable, for example in a Collection.
*
* <p>The actual order can be interpreted as prioritization, with
* the first object (with the lowest order value) having the highest
* priority.
*
* <p>Note that there is a 'priority' marker for this interface:
* {@link PriorityOrdered}. Order values expressed by PriorityOrdered
* objects always apply before order values of 'plain' Ordered values.
*
* @author Juergen Hoeller
* @since 07.04.2003
* @see OrderComparator
* @see org.springframework.core.annotation.Order
*/

public interface Ordered {

/**
* Useful constant for the highest precedence value.
* @see java.lang.Integer#MIN_VALUE
*/
int HIGHEST_PRECEDENCE = Integer.MIN_VALUE;

/**
* Useful constant for the lowest precedence value.
* @see java.lang.Integer#MAX_VALUE
*/
int LOWEST_PRECEDENCE = Integer.MAX_VALUE;

/**
* Return the order value of this object, with a
* higher value meaning greater in terms of sorting.
* <p>Normally starting with 0, with <code>Integer.MAX_VALUE</code>
* indicating the greatest value. Same order values will result
* in arbitrary positions for the affected objects.
* <p>Higher values can be interpreted as lower priority. As a
* consequence, the object with the lowest value has highest priority
* (somewhat analogous to Servlet "load-on-startup" values).
* @return the order value
*/
int getOrder();

}

当然这里并不是无故提出这个接口来看的。事由是由PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer这个类的加载顺序导致的。

这个类是实现了Ordered接口并且有这样一句话

private int order = Ordered.LOWEST_PRECEDENCE;  // default: same as non-Ordered

来说明PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer加载的顺序,如果你细心的话,Ordered上面的一个注释你会看到。

大概的翻译就是值越小加载优先级越高,而普通的对象我们定义的是没有实现Ordered接口的,即是他所说的

'plain' Ordered values.这样的对象的加载优先级比实现Ordered接口优先级最低的还要低。就是说虽然

PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer类的优先级是实现Ordered接口中最低的,但也比plain Object的优先级高。所以我们在

定义PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer的时候,可以把位置放后面而先用其值。如图:

 

 


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